Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky


Works Performed by PNB

Allegro Brillante
Piano Concerto No. 3 in E-flat Major, Op. 75, 1892

Ballet Imperial
Piano Concerto No. 2 in G Major, Op. 44, 1879

Symphony No. 3 in D major, Op 29, 1875

Suite No. 4 in G, Op. 61 “Mozartiana”

Serenade in C for string orchestra, Op. 48, 1880

Swan Lake
Swan Lake, Op. 20, 1875–1876

Tchaikovsky Pas de Deux
From Swan Lake, Op. 20, 1877

The Nutcracker
The Nutcracker (Op. 71, 1891-1892)

The Sleeping Beauty
Sleeping Beauty, Op. 66, 1889

Theme & Variations
Suite No. 3 in G Major, 1884; last movement

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) studied at the Conservatory in St. Petersburg, where George Balanchine later studied piano in addition to his studies in dance. Tchaikovsky is one of the most popular and influential of all romantic composers. His work is expressive, melodic, and grand in scale, characterized by rich orchestrations. His output was prodigious and included chamber works, symphonies, concerti for various instruments, operas, and works for the piano. His works for the ballet include Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, and The Nutcracker, the latter two composed in close collaboration with choreographer Marius Petipa.

Balanchine had a special affinity for Tchaikovsky. “In everything that I did to Tchaikovsky’s music,” he told an interviewer, “I sensed his help. It wasn’t real conversation. But when I was working and saw that something was coming of it, I felt that it was Tchaikovsky who had helped me.”